Archive for 2008

Unprotected Chinese, Indisch buildings razed in Tangerang

Sunday, December 7th, 2008

Mariani Dewi, The Jakarta Post, Tangerang

Two buildings dating back over 100 years on the bank of the Cisadane river in Karawaci, Tangerang, have been demolished despite outcry from heritage preservation groups that the houses have high architectural and cultural value.

On Saturday morning the right wing of the Chinese house and part of the main building were already in ruins with the other sections to come down in coming weeks.

An Indisch-style building adjacent to the Chinese house now awaits the same fate, as the buyer has made arrangements to sell-off sections of it to collectors in Bali and Pondok Gede, East Jakarta.

The current owners of the properties, built in approximately the 18th century and belonging once to Chinese Lieutenant Oei Djie San, are selling the plot and the buildings separately. The land is said to be worth Rp 22 billion (US$1.6 million).

Safii, the contractor who bought the buildings, told The Jakarta Post he paid a total of around Rp 750 million to the owner to cover the cost of removing the building parts.

“I have sold three trucks worth of parts to two buyers in Bali and Pondok Gede (East Jakarta),” he said.

He said after a meeting this Wednesday he would decide when he would destroy the remaining sections.

The land is said to be more than 2 hectares in size and has apparently been sold to another buyer.

“I heard that it was sold for Rp 22 billion,” he said.

He allegedly overheard the buyer mention the name McDonald, and that the plot would be turned into an apartment complex.

The owner was nowhere to be found at the building site on Saturday. The Post received confirmation from Rodiawati, a resident who has lived in the buildings for decades, that the property had indeed been sold.

“The house belongs to my husband’s ex-bosses’ family – the Nubrata family. They let us stay here for free,” she said. Rodiawati said they would now be forced to leave.

Budi Lim, a well-known architect involved in the restoration of the National Archive Museum in Jakarta, said both buildings had architectural value due to the unique blend of foreign and local influences in the design.

“Indisch-style has Dutch influence, but also local flavors. The style was then replicated in other colonial territories like Sri Lanka,” he said. “The Chinese home might have common Chinese architectural features, but the value is in the local adaptation of Cina Benteng culture, who centered their activity around rivers.”

He said the Chinese home was special because it had a veranda overlooking the Cisadane river. Such a design was unheard of and could be related to the history of Cina Benteng in Tangerang. Cina Benteng is a Chinese community whose ancestors were peranakan Chinese Indonesians and mostly rubber plantation workers.

Mahandis Yoanata, a private employee from Jakarta who studies heritage buildings, wrote in his blog mahandisyoanata.multiply.com that papers he found describe how the buildings were part of a rubber plantation during the colonial era.

His article and accompanying pictures of the buildings drew dozens of comments from those sharing his concern about their demolition.

He told the Post he planned on launching a petition and taking it to the Tangerang municipality, but later found out the buildings were not protected by any laws.

Warta Kota daily reported Saturday that the Tangerang municipality not only had no laws to protect the Karawaci buildings, but in fact had no laws in place to protect any heritage buildings.

“We have never met with the heirs of the buildings,” the head of the Tangerang tourism agency, Hendarsyah Reza, said to Warta Kota. He said if there were any buildings with historical value being demolished, the administration was powerless to do anything.

Lim, however, called for the administration to intervene despite the absence of a law.

“The building is being `raped’, we cannot just stand by and say `what a pity’,” Lim said. “It is not too late. This must be a community effort.”

“There are so many people who get rich by doing business in Tangerang. It is time to urge them to give something back by chipping in to buy out the buildings and restore them. I am willing to work for free during the restoration,” he said.

“Although they appear Chinese and Dutch, essentially the styles were already adapted to the local culture. They are examples of Indonesian architecture. We have a duty to preserve them for future generations.”

Sumber: Jakarta Pos, 7 Desember 2008

Kisah Rumah Tuan Tanah yang Hampir Punah

Friday, December 5th, 2008

Oleh: David Christian dan Corysha FP Akmalsyah

Kompleks rumah tua milik juragan kebun karet besar di Tangerang akan dirobohkan. Statusnya tak masuk cagar budaya.

Kompleks rumah tua peninggalan akhir abad 18 atau awal abad 19 itu terletak di Karawaci. Bangunannya mencerminkan kekukuhan arsitektur Indische, ditambah keanggunan ukiran khas Tiongkok, serta fondasi pilar yang mengadopsi ornamen Jepara.

Berdiri di atas lahan seluas 1.800 meter persegi, rumah tua bekas milik juragan perkebunan karet terbesar di Tangerang itu terancam punah. Letnan Oey Djie San diperkirakan adalah pemilik ‘kompleks’ perumahan itu. Letak tepatnya di perempatan Jalan Raya Imam Bonjol dan Teuku Umar. Dulunya, Jl Teuku Umar adalah gerbang masuk menuju rumah utama itu.

Ada dua bangunan utama di ‘kompleks’ itu. Yang pertama bergaya Tionghoa lengkap dengan atap ladam kuda. Satunya lagi bergaya Indische dengan pilar tuscan dan ornamen besi lengkung.

Kemarin, gedung sayap kiri dan kanan kompleks rumah tua yang berarsitektur Tionghoa itu sudah menjadi puing. Batu bata berserakan. Dinding-dindingnya sebagian besar telah roboh. Kayu-kayunya sudah dilepas dan bertumpuk. Tegel keramik dekoratif yang dingin di kaki pun sudah banyak yang dilepas.

“Banyak wisatawan mancanegara yang datang dan ingin membeli kayu-kayu rumah ini,” ujar penjaga pekarangan lokasi rumah tersebut, Yusmufidin.

Saat ini, yang tersisa adalah bangunan utama bergaya Indische dan bangunan utama bergaya Tionghoa. Hampir semua elemen penyangga dan dekoratif rumah bergaya Indische masih ada. Detail pintu, jendela, ventilasi, sampai blok batu di sekitar rumah tetap autentik. Apabila tidak segera diselamatkan, warisan sejarah Kota Tangerang itu akan punah.

Pembongkaran kompleks rumah bersejarah itu telah dimulai sejak September 2008. Pewaris rumah gedung tua itu telah menjual bangunan bersejarah tersebut kepada pihak lain yang tidak diketahui dengan pasti oleh para penghuni kompleks rumah tua.

“Sayang sekali kalau harus dirubuhkan seperti sekarang,” tambah Sahrudin yang sudah 35 tahun menetap di sana. Kawasan rumah tua itu memang pernah dijaga dan dirawat sekitar 11 kepala keluarga.

Pada 1957 dan 1963, pemilik kebun karet saat itu meminta bantuan pada kepolisian dan komando distrik militer (kodim) untuk mengamankan areal kebun karetnya dari penjarahan ataupun penyerobotan tanah yang sering terjadi masa itu. Sejak itu pun, 11 anggota kepolisian dan kodim tinggal di kompleks tersebut bersama keluarga mereka.

Empat keluarga keturunan para penjaga berdiam dalam rumah tua berarsitektur Tionghoa itu. Sisanya tinggal di sekitar rumah-rumah utama. Ada tujuh rumah sederhana dengan lantai semen dan tembok yang sudah mulai keropos berjejer di sekitar rumah utama.

Yang menjual kawasan rumah tua itu ke pemilik baru, menurut surat keterangan waris penghuni rumah dan tanah, adalah Benjamin Trisna Atmadjaja, pemilik perkebunan karet Karawaci.
Informasi yang mereka peroleh menyebutkan di atas lahan gedung tua itu akan dibangun sebuah restoran cepat saji.

Wayan Lanrat, putra anggota kodim yang lain, juga menyayangkan jika gedung tua benar-benar dibongkar. Menurutnya, bangunan tersebut merupakan salah satu jejak sejarah wilayah Tangerang. Hingga kini keluarga keturunan anggota kepolisian dan kodim yang tinggal di lokasi sekitar gedung tua tidak tahu bagaimana nasib mereka setelah areal tersebut sepenuhnya dibongkar.

Kepala Bagian Informasi dan Komunikasi Pemda Kota Tangerang Saiful Rochman menyatakan Pemkot tidak bisa bertindak apa-apa karena status tanah tersebut adalah hak milik. “Pemda tidak punya hak atas rumah tersebut karena rumah itu statusnya adalah hak milik. Sementara itu, syarat untuk menjadikan rumah itu cagar budaya, harus ada hibah dari pemilik rumah,” papar Saiful.

Ketentuan soal cagar budaya pun, lanjutnya, berada di tangan pemerintah pusat. Jika nantinya pemerintah pusat menentukan tempat itu sebagai cagar budaya, barulah Pemkot mempersiapkan biaya perawatan dari APBD. “Pemda tidak bisa berbuat banyak karena rumah itu bukan aset Pemda,” katanya.(SM/J-4)

Sumber: Harian Media Indonesia, 5 Desember 2008.